World Health Organization warns against misuse of antibiotics

The launch of the antibiotics awareness program at King Fahd Hospital in Jeddah

Furthermore, they found that 39% of the health burden is caused by bacteria that are resistant to last-line antibiotics such as carbapenems and colistin, making them nearly impossible to treat. That is, antibiotic resistance develops in bacteria, not humans or animals.

"The MOH in partnership with the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation joined the concerted regional and worldwide efforts to reduce antimicrobial resistance and ensure the availability of effective antibiotics", said Aman.

NPS MedicineWise medical adviser Dr Jeannie Yoo said antibiotic resistance can affect anyone, of any age and in any country-including here in Australia-and it's accelerated by the misuse and overuse of antibiotics. "We need to change the way in which people view and use antibiotics", said HE Dr Hanan Mohamed al- Kuwari, Minister of Public Health, who chaired a plenary session on antibiotic resistance during the World Innovation Summit for Health (WISH) in Doha this week. We can help by seeking advice from a health professional before taking antibiotics.

Taking antibiotics encourages harmful bacteria to become "resistant" meaning they will not work when they are really needed.

The Ministry of Health has been focusing on reducing the use of antibiotics by patients in the Kingdom. How did we go from revolutionizing medicine with the introduction of antibiotics to a future where common infections once again kill, in about the average American lifespan?

Antibiotic resistant bacteria are here. Experts said that if no action is taken, it is estimated that about 10 million deaths would occur yearly by 2050.

Around 700,000 people already die yearly due to drug-resistant infections including tuberculosis (TB), HIV and malaria across the world.

Robles, however, said the government needs to address the issue of access and affordability of antibiotics to protect the poverty-stricken who might contract AMR from their inability to continue the prescribed intake of medicine. By 2023, the partnership aims to develop and deliver up to four new treatments, through improvement of existing antibiotics and acceleration of the entry of new antibiotic drugs. Some antibiotics have lost their efficacy and the pipeline of new antibiotics has been running dry. The direct consequences of infection with resistant microorganisms are severe with outcome of longer illness, prolonged hospital stay, loss of patient protection undergoing surgical and other medical invasive procedures thereby resulting in increased mortality and health care costs.

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According to the health ministry, the core focus should be on ensuring the rational use of antibiotics in the hospitals and veterinary centers and enhancing public education and at the same time.

CSE researchers also point out that poor management of waste - which can contain antibiotics, antibiotic-resistant bacteria or genes transferring resistance - from farms, pharmaceutical factories, healthcare settings and households adds to the emergence and spread of AMR.

Professor Alastair Hay, a GP and infections research lead at the University of Bristol's Centre for Academic Primary Care, said: "Antibiotic resistance is one of the biggest threats to global health today".

A Guardian investigation has even found MRSA which came from livestock in meat on a supermarket shelf. When antibiotics are used incorrectly they can become less effective.

Though Ghana may not be at a critical point, the Ghana Young Academy has observed that some Ghanaians may be exhibiting some ignorance and carelessness in the use of antibiotics and this could escalate into the crisis the United Nations has warned of.

The unprecedented letter, sent to the secretaries of state for health and the environment - Matt Hancock and Michael Gove, was signed by the Royal Colleges of General Practitioners, Physicians, Surgeons, Medicine, Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow, and Paediatrics and Child Health.

Later, health officials also discussed that in antibiotics in eatables is also injurious.

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