Jewish Physicist Becomes Oldest Nobel Prize Winner

Strickland

"It's a small percentage for sure, that's why we are taking measures to encourage more nominations because we don't want to miss anyone", the head of the Academy, Goran Hansson, said on Tuesday. "I'm honoured to be one of those women", Strickland said.

Gerard Mourou, another victor of the Nobel Physics prize this year, is the founding Director of the Centre for Ultra-fast Optical Science. This is the 50th Nobel awarded to a woman, in total since the prize began in 1901, however two of those prizes were awarded to Marie Curie - for Physics in 1903 and for Chemistry in 1911.

A Canadian scientist who became only the third woman to win the Nobel Prize for Physics said her personal triumph doubles as a sign of progress for her male-dominated industry.

Optical tweezers and CPA have redefined how we use lasers today.

The American, Arthur Ashkin, entered the record books of the Nobel Prizes by becoming the oldest laureate at age 96.

Strickland is the first woman to be named a Nobel laureate since 2015. Surgeons now use femtosecond lasers to correct near- and far-sightedness, and even higher powered lasers are being investigated as a cancer treatment. "And hopefully, in time, it'll start to move forward at a faster rate, maybe", she said.

But the economics prize was not part of the awards established by industrialist Alfred Nobel's will; it was later established by Sweden's central bank in Nobel's honor.

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Contacted by AFP, Mourou said he was getting ready for his daily swim just before noon on Tuesday when he got the call from the Academy.

Jessica Wade, a researcher at Department of Physics and Centre for Plastic Electronics at Imperial College London, was so fed up with women in the field being overlooked that she spent the past year adding 270 Wikipedia entries on women scientists.

Meanwhile, Gérard Mourou and Donna Strickland were acknowledged for their crucial work in paving the way "towards the shortest and most intense laser pulses ever created by mankind".

Arthur Ashkin invented the "optical tweezers", highly focused beams of light that allow you to manipulate microscopic objects and living organisms. Whereas, Mourou and Strickland were awarded for "for their method of generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses". She and Mourou found a way to produce a powerful laser pulse that lasts an nearly unimaginably short period of time.

The associate professor in the Physics and Astronomy Department at Canada's University of Waterloo has spent much of her life studying and teaching physics, and describes her research as "fun".

The victor of the Nobel Peace Prize will be named Friday. The economics prize, which is not technically a Nobel, will be announced October 8.

Monday, Oct. 8: Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences will be awarded.

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