Google doodle honors Dr. Virginia Apgar, inventor of the Apgar score

The Apgar score is recorded within 1 and 5 minutes of birth

Google is celebrating the 109th birthday of Dr Virginia Apgar, an American obstetrical (relating to childbirth) anesthetist. She left school knowing that she wanted to be a doctor, and initially studied zoology, chemistry and physiology.

The Apgar score rates key health metrics like heart rate, respiration, muscle tone, reflex response, and color, on a scale from 0-10. Born and raised in Westfield, New Jersey to a musical family, she was the youngest of the three children.

Virginia Apgar has been honoured in the Google Doodle for June 7, 2018, on what would have been her 109th birthday.

Doctors using her test, within the first five minutes post delivery, have saved thousands of babies from living with birth defects or dying, BBC reported. After some initial resistance, the testing method became widely used throughout the world and is still used today. She was appointed the first woman Professor at the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University in 1949, according to a biography of the clinician at the Columbia University website.

Virginia Apgar had a deep interest in science and she knew she'd make her best in the field of medicine. That year, she was one of only four women accepted to the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, where she graduated fourth in her class in 1933.

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The chairman of P&S, Dr Allen Whipple, persuaded her to go into anaesthesiology, because he felt the discipline needed her "energy and ability" to help it.

She trained in anaesthesia at the University of Wisconsin and Bellevue Hospital in the United States, but returned to Columbia-Presbyterian Hospital in 1938.

She wrote over 60 research articles, and her book, Is My Baby All Right? Dr Apgar developed the score in 1952 to quantify the effect of obstetric anaesthesia on babies. An all rounded personality that she was, she also delivered lectures and seminars about birth defects and early detection. She introduced a very important concept of the Apgar score, important in studying the health of a newborn baby after its birth.

She died at the age of 65 from liver cirrhosis, and in 1995 was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame.

Apger won man many awards for her contribution in the fields of medicine and science and was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame, in NY in 1995.

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