Jupiter's Moon Europa Shoots Water Into Space, New Research Suggests

Jupiter's Moon Europa Shoots Water Into Space, New Research Suggests

The proofs of the existence of water plumes on Europa, which are emerging from the surface of the moon, have been gathering for a number of years.

But it wasn't until previous year, at a conference for boffins planning the Europa Clipper spacecraft that's due to head out to the mysterious moon in 2022, that Xianzhe Jia, a space physicist at the University of MI put the pieces together and chose to revisit the Galileo data.

Inspired by the Hubble images and discussions of planned missions to revisit Europa, Jia and his team dusted off the data from two instruments onboard Galileo, gathered during the spacecraft's 11 close passes around the moon. Xianzhe Jia, the lead author of the study, told Mashable, "This is potentially great news for future exploration of Europa, because spacecraft may have a chance to directly sample materials that are linked to the subsurface ocean". She's looking forward to NASA's next mission to the giant planet.

To determine whether Europa is indeed life-friendly and to look for possible evidence of those organisms themselves, scientists want spacecraft much more powerful than Galileo to return to the moon.

It is thought to have an iron core, a rocky mantle and a surface ocean of salty water, like Earth. That's because water is thought to be one of the necessities for life, because, let's be real, finding life on other planets is pretty much the whole reason humans are so fascinated by space in the first place.

Near Enceladus' south pole, more than 100 individual geysers continuously blast water ice, organic molecules and other material far out into space - so far that this plume stuff forms Saturn's E ring. One version of the model included plumes on the surface of Europa, whereas another did not. "They're like a battery, combining both positive and negative to make an energy source", says Alison Murray, a biologist at the Desert Research Institute who studies organisms in extreme environments but did not take part in the research.

The curious case of Deepika Padukone's missing RK tattoo at Cannes
Deepika Padukone is representing cosmetics brand L'Oreal at Cannes Film Festival and 11 May was her final appearance for 2018. The make up however was similar to the one she wore yesterday while walking the Red Carpet in her pink gown.

Fox Was 'Emboldened' to Revive 'Last Man Standing' After 'Roseanne' Reboot Exploded
Both predictable programming effects were evident in the fall lineup Fox announced Monday , May 14. The project stars comedy veterans Vicki Lawrence, David Alan Grier, Leslie Jordan, and Martin Mull.

Yemen, UAE reportedly reach deal over island
The presence of UAE troops angered Socotra residents, who insisted there were no rebels on the island, the source said. Saudi Arabia has announced Sunday that they are deploying troops to the Yemeni island of Socotra.

According to Jai, data studied here showed "compelling independent evidence that there seems to be a plume on Europa". The model simulations that included plumes from Europa closely matched the Galileo data, but the model without them did not.

For the new study, experts measured variations in the moon's magnetic field and plasma waves, based on data obtained during Galileo's close flyby, and found they were "consistent" with the spacecraft crossing a plume. The 1997 candidate for a water plume was reported to appear in the same general hotspot as previously reported possible plumes - those that occurred in 2014 and 2016.

Kivelson, who hadn't considered such a plume when she collected the data two decades ago, marvelled at the new discovery. Although the data has been available for more than 20 years scientists were just able to see this now. Over the course of 5 minutes, spikes the spacecraft recorded with its magnetic and plasma sensors reflected the alterations that a veil of ejected water, from one or many vents, could cause in a region matching the telescope observations, they report today in Nature Astronomy.

Europa orbits Jupiter every 3.5 days and is tidally locked - just like Earth's Moon - so that the same side of Europa faces Jupiter at all times.

Europa is our best shot of finding biological life in the solar system, researchers say.

At the time the blip in the data was unexplained but it is now believed it was a water plume. Ephemeral plumes could make it tough to plan sample-snagging flybys.

Related news:

Hot News

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Deadpool Star Ryan Reynolds Sings Classic Annie Tune as a Unicorn
May 15, 2018 - 05:48
And as if Reynolds can not get any more likeable, the actor posted a hilarious tribute to his mother yesterday. Below is Reynolds' song and the following video showcases his reveal to the contestants. "Hello everybody.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Biotech Companies Climb On Seemingly Toothless Drug-Pricing Reform
May 15, 2018 - 05:26
The American public, Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar said, deserves to know which companies are "gouging consumers". Further, Azar said he and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services are developing incentives to lower list prices.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Kohli get his wings back
May 15, 2018 - 05:15
A fan of Royal Challengers Bangalore captain Virat Kohli gets his selfie before security remove him from the field in Delhi. Aaron Finch tried to provide some resistance with the bat, but poor shot selection costed Australian his wicket .

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Chuck Knox, former Seattle Seahawks, LA Rams coach, dies at 86
May 15, 2018 - 05:07
Nicknamed "Ground Chuck" due to his run-first offenses, Knox was named NFL Coach of the Year three times - in 1973, 1980 and 1984. He was unable to lift the then-downtrodden franchise back into playoff contention, though, going 15-33 in three seasons.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top National Hurricane Center watching area in the Gulf of Mexico
May 15, 2018 - 05:06
A cyclone refers to a closed-circulation, rotating storm, specifically, tropical depressions, tropical storms or hurricanes. It added that it is giving the low-pressure formation a medium chance of developing into a stronger weather disturbance.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Newly-wed Sonam Kapoor responds to marriage wishes
May 15, 2018 - 04:48
Sonam Kapoor has been a regular at the French Riviera since 2011 and has lived up to her image of Bollywood's style icon. The newly-weds shared their wedding picture where they can be seen planting a kiss on each other's cheek.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Google One Features: The successor to Google Drive cloud storage explained
May 15, 2018 - 04:42
What kinds of new services or features should you expect with Google One? Look out for an email with details on your new benefits. Google says that with Google One , you'll be able to share storage plan with you to five family members.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Flipkart Sold 77% Stake to Walmart for $16 Billion
May 15, 2018 - 04:35
Also, SoftBank does not want to exit Flipkart because such an exit would mean that SoftBank is leaving Indian e-commerce industry. The current agreement quotes a deal with a whopping $20.8 billion that Walmart has paid to India's biggest online store .

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top 'Rage 2' officially confirmed by Bethesda - watch the first teaser trailer
May 15, 2018 - 04:29
You are one of the chosen members of these modern day arks and abruptly enter the RAGE universe after surfacing alone. The resemblance between Bethesda's Rage 2 and Avalanche Studios' Mad Max may not be coincidental.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Four New States Expected To Legalize Sports Gambling Quickly After Ruling
May 15, 2018 - 04:20
All four major US professional sports leagues, the NCAA and the federal government had urged the court to uphold the federal law . We anticipate that sports betting at the Nation will create numerous new job opportunities at each of our casinos.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top 82 women walk the red carpet in Cannes film fest protest
May 15, 2018 - 04:19
Nyssen said the festival "holds the keys" to moving women forward, not just in film but in a variety of industries. Without Thierry Fremaux saying yes to the pledge, without saying yes to the stairs, we wouldn't be here.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Facebook says it has suspended 200 apps for possible misuse of data
May 15, 2018 - 03:49
Facebook has suspended 200 apps for possible misuse of user data in the wake of the Cambridge Analytica scandal . The second phase consists of investigating each of the "suspicious" apps one by one, as described above.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Nisar lashes out at Nawaz Sharif over Mumbai attack remarks
May 14, 2018 - 02:13
Some 166 people were killed in the attack carried out by 10 LeT men. One of them was caught and hanged. Why can't we complete the trial".

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Australian police find 7 dead with gunshot wounds
May 14, 2018 - 01:57
Australia's homicide rate did not fall in the first years after those restrictions went into place, though suicide declined. Australia's worst mass taking pictures occurred in April 1996 when Martin Bryant killed 35 folks and injured 24.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top New England Patriots' McDaniels offers support for Detroit Lions coach Patricia
May 14, 2018 - 00:58
In fact, I can say that I am different person mentally than I was four years ago when I was still in college. It's been an eventful week for the Detroit Lions and head coach Matt Patricia .