Diseases from mosquitoes, ticks rising, 'threatening our health — CDC

Tick mosquito-borne infections surge in United States CDC

Nearly everyone in the world has been bitten by a mosquito.

Diseases caused by ticks, fleas and mosquitos can be serious or fatal.

"The relatively very large percentage of tick-borne cases, especially Lyme disease, was a little surprising", says Ronald Rosenberg, a doctor of science in epidemiology who was research lead for the paper. Some will hibernate in enclosed spaces, like garages, sheds, and under (or inside) homes, to survive cold temperatures.

The most common mosquito-borne viruses are West Nile, dengue, and Zika, while the most common disease resulting from the bite of an infected flea is the plague.

"For the mosquito-borne diseases, like West Nile, Zika, and chikungunya for example, one of the big problems is that people and goods are moving around the planet at ever-increasing rates and speed, and so basically any of these mosquito-borne diseases can be transmitted nearly anywhere in the world in the matter of a day", he said. More movement of people across the planet also raises the risk of exposure to these insects he explained.

In 2004, the number of insect-borne illnesses reported to the CDC topped at 27,000 a year, rising to 96,000 by 2016.

Use insect repellent: When used as directed, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-registered insect repellents are proven safe and effective, even for pregnant and breastfeeding women.

Dr. Archana Anand, Internal Medicine, UPMC Hamot, says, "Wear full-sleeved shirts, full trousers, tuck the legs of your trousers into your socks so that the tick does not have access".

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Don't let that keep you indoors all summer, though: The CDC recommends using insect repellent whenever you're outdoors.

See a healthcare provider familiar with travel medicine, ideally 4 to 6 weeks before your trip. Only one of the diseases, yellow fever, has a vaccine approved by the Food and Drug Administration.

Everyone in the United States loves the onset of warm weather, but possibly no one more than ticks, mosquitos, and fleas. The program targets four species of ticks known to pose a public health threat. The CDC said these organizations require improvement in one or more of five "core competencies", such as testing for pesticide resistance. "Better control of mosquitoes and ticks is needed to protect people from these costly and deadly diseases".

Wesson said another reason is because doctors are able to diagnose more of these diseases.

This is because of increased global travel, and the diseases travelers bring home.

In some cases, these diseases may have already been present but had not been identified as vector-borne in nature.

Developing and improving laboratory and diagnostic tests for these diseases. If you think you may have been bitten by a tick and you develop a skin rash (the skin rash diagnostic of Lyme disease is the erythema migrans rash), speak to your GP - they may prescribe antibiotics if it is likely to be Lyme disease, which will clear the infection.

Remember, everyone can help control mosquitoes.

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